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Security Advisory - August 14, 2018

Zscaler protects against 10 new vulnerabilities for Internet Explorer, Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Edge & ChakraCore.

 

 

Zscaler, working with Microsoft through their MAPP program, has proactively deployed protection for the following 10 vulnerabilities included in the August 2018 Microsoft security bulletins. Zscaler will continue to monitor exploits associated with all vulnerabilities in the August release and deploy additional protections as necessary. 

CVE-2018-8266 - Chakra Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability

Severity: Critical

Affected Software

  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows Server 2016
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • ChakraCore

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerability through Microsoft Edge and then convince a user to view the website. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These websites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory.

CVE-2018-8345 - LNK Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Severity: Critical

Affected Software

  • Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-Based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2012
  • Windows Server 2012 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 8.1 for 32-bit systems
  • Windows 8.1 for x64-based systems
  • Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Windows RT 8.1
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server 2016
  • Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server 2016  (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1709  (Server Core Installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1803  (Server Core Installation)
  • Windows Server 2008 for Itanium-Based Systems Service Pack 2
  • Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
  • Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
  • Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Microsoft Windows that could allow remote code execution if a .LNK file is processed. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the local user. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer user rights on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights. The attacker could present to the user a removable drive, or remote share, that contains a malicious .LNK file and an associated malicious binary. When the user opens this drive(or remote share) in Windows Explorer, or any other application that parses the .LNK file, the malicious binary will execute code of the attacker’s choice, on the target system.

CVE-2018-8355 - Chakra Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability

Severity: Critical

Affected Software

  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows Server 2016
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • ChakraCore

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft Edge. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerability through Microsoft Edge and then convince a user to view the website. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These websites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the Chakra scripting engine handles objects in memory.

CVE-2018-8371 - Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability

Severity: Critical

Affected Software

  • Internet Explorer 9 on Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
  • Internet Explorer 9 on Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 8.1 for 32-bit systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 8.1 for x64-based systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows RT 8.1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2016
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 10 on Windows Server 2012

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerability through Internet Explorer and then convince a user to view the website. An attacker could also embed an ActiveX control marked “safe for initialization”; in an application or Microsoft Office document that hosts the IE rendering engine. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These websites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the scripting engine handles objects in memory.

CVE-2018-8372 - Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability

Severity: Critical

Affected Software

  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 8.1 for 32-bit systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 8.1 for x64-based systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows RT 8.1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2016
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows Server 2016
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • ChakraCore

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Microsoft browsers. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a specially crafted website designed to exploit the vulnerability through a Microsoft browser and then convince a user to view the website. An attacker could also embed an ActiveX control marked “safe for initialization” in an application or Microsoft Office document that hosts the browser rendering engine. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These websites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the scripting engine handles objects in memory.

CVE-2018-8387 - Microsoft Edge Memory Corruption Vulnerability

Severity: Critical

Affected Software

  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Microsoft Edge on Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems

A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Microsoft Edge improperly accesses objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that enables an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. An attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerability through Microsoft Edge, and then convince a user to view the website. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements by adding specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. In all cases, however, an attacker would have no way to force users to view the attacker-controlled content. Instead, an attacker would have to convince users to take action, typically by way of enticement in an email or Instant Messenger message, or by getting them to open an attachment sent through email. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how Microsoft Edge handles objects in memory.

CVE-2018-8389 - Scripting Engine Memory Corruption Vulnerability

Severity: Important

Affected Software

  • Internet Explorer 9 on Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
  • Internet Explorer 9 on Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 8.1 for 32-bit systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 8.1 for x64-based systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows RT 8.1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2016
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 10 on Windows Server 2012

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the scripting engine handles objects in memory in Internet Explorer. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerability through Internet Explorer and then convince a user to view the website. An attacker could also embed an ActiveX control marked “safe for initialization” in an application or Microsoft Office document that hosts the IE rendering engine. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These websites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability. The security update addresses the vulnerability by modifying how the scripting engine handles objects in memory.

CVE-2018-8404 - Win32k Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability

Severity: Important

Affected Software

  • Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for Itanium-Based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows Server 2012
  • Windows Server 2012 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 8.1 for 32-bit systems
  • Windows 8.1 for x64-based systems
  • Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server 2016
  • Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server 2016  (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1709  (Server Core Installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1803  (Server Core Installation)

An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists in Windows when the Win32k component fails to properly handle objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in kernel mode. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. To exploit this vulnerability, an attacker would first have to log on to the system. An attacker could then run a specially crafted application that could exploit the vulnerability and take control of an affected system. The update addresses this vulnerability by correcting how Win32k handles objects in memory.

CVE-2018-8406 - DirectX Graphics Kernel Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability

Severity: Important

Affected Software

  • Microsoft Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server 2016
  • Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server 2016  (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1709  (Server Core Installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1803  (Server Core Installation)

An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the DirectX Graphics Kernel (DXGKRNL) driver improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. To exploit the vulnerability, an attacker would first have to log on to the system, and then run a specially crafted application to take control over the affected system. The security update addresses the vulnerability by correcting how DXGKRNL handles objects in memory.

CVE-2018-8414 - Windows Shell Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Severity: Important

Affected Software

  • Windows 10 Version 1703 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1703 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1709  (Server Core Installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1803  (Server Core Installation)

A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Shell does not properly validate file paths. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the current user. If the current user is logged on as an administrator, an attacker could take control of the affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with elevated privileges. Users whose accounts are configured to have fewer privileges on the system could be less impacted than users who operate with administrative privileges. To exploit the vulnerability, an attacker must entice a user to open a specially crafted file. In an email attack scenario, an attacker could exploit the vulnerability by sending the specially crafted file to the user and then convincing the user to open the file. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a website (or leverage a compromised website that accepts or hosts user-provided content) that contains a specially crafted file designed to exploit the vulnerability. An attacker would have no way to force a user to visit the website. Instead, an attacker would have to convince a user to click a link and open the specially crafted file. This security update addresses the vulnerability by ensuring the Windows Shell properly validates file paths.