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Learn how Zscaler enables work-from-anywhere.

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Security Advisory - July 15, 2020

Zscaler protects against 6 new vulnerabilities for Microsoft Windows, Microsoft Edge (EdgeHTML-based), Microsoft ChakraCore & Internet Explorer.

 

 

 

Zscaler, working with Microsoft through their MAPP program, has proactively deployed protection for the following 6 vulnerabilities included in the July 2020 Microsoft security bulletins. Zscaler will continue to monitor exploits associated with all vulnerabilities in the June release and deploy additional protections as necessary.

CVE-2020-1350 – Windows DNS Server Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Severity: Critical

Affected Software

  • Windows Server 2019
  • Windows Server 2019  (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server, version 1909 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server, version 1903 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server, version 2004 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2016
  • Windows Server 2016  (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
  • Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
  • Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2012
  • Windows Server 2012 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 (Server Core installation)

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in Windows Domain Name System servers when they fail to properly handle requests. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could run arbitrary code in the context of the Local System Account. Windows servers that are configured as DNS servers are at risk from this vulnerability. To exploit the vulnerability, an unauthenticated attacker could send malicious requests to a Windows DNS server.

CVE-2020-1381 – Windows Graphics Component Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability

Severity: Important

Affected Software

  • Windows 10 Version 2004 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 2004 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 2004 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 2004 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1909 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1909 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1909 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1909 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1903 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1903 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1903 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1903 (Server Core installation)

An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Graphics Component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. In a local attack scenario, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application to take control over the affected system. The update addresses the vulnerability by correcting the way in which the Microsoft Graphics Component handles objects in memory and preventing unintended elevation from user mode.

CVE-2020-1382 – Windows Graphics Component Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability

Severity: Important

Affected Software

  • Windows 10 Version 2004 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 2004 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 2004 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 2004 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1909 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1909 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1909 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1909 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1903 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1903 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1903 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1903 (Server Core installation)

An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Graphics Component improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run processes in an elevated context. In a local attack scenario, an attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application to take control over the affected system.

CVE-2020-1399 – Windows Runtime Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability

Severity: Important

Affected Software

  • Windows 10 Version 2004 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 2004 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 2004 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 2004 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1809 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1809 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1809 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows Server 2019
  • Windows Server 2019  (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1909 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1909 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1909 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1909 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1903 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1903 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1903 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows Server, version 1903 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows Server 2016
  • Windows Server 2016  (Server Core installation)
  • Windows 8.1 for 32-bit systems
  • Windows 8.1 for x64-based systems
  • Windows RT 8.1
  • Windows Server 2012
  • Windows Server 2012 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 (Server Core installation)

An elevation of privilege vulnerability exists when the Windows Runtime improperly handles objects in memory. An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code in an elevated context. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by running a specially crafted application on the victim system.

CVE-2020-1403 – VBScript Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Severity: Critical

Affected Software

  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 2004 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 2004 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 2004 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 9 on Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
  • Internet Explorer 9 on Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1803 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1809 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1809 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1809 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2019
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1909 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1909 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1909 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1709 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1903 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1903 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1903 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2016
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 8.1 for 32-bit systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows 8.1 for x64-based systems
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows RT 8.1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2012
  • Internet Explorer 11 on Windows Server 2012 R2

A remote code execution vulnerability exists in the way that the VBScript engine handles objects in memory. The vulnerability could corrupt memory in such a way that an attacker could execute arbitrary code in the context of the current user. An attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. If the current user is logged on with administrative user rights, an attacker who successfully exploited the vulnerability could take control of an affected system. An attacker could then install programs; view, change, or delete data; or create new accounts with full user rights. In a web-based attack scenario, an attacker could host a specially crafted website that is designed to exploit the vulnerability through Internet Explorer and then convince a user to view the website. An attacker could also embed an ActiveX control marked "safe for initialization" in an application or Microsoft Office document that hosts the IE rendering engine. The attacker could also take advantage of compromised websites and websites that accept or host user-provided content or advertisements. These websites could contain specially crafted content that could exploit the vulnerability.

CVE-2020-1410 – Windows Address Book Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

Severity: Critical

Affected Software

  • Windows 10 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1607 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1607 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1709 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1803 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1809 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1809 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1809 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1903 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1903 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1903 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1909 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1909 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 1909 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 2004 for 32-bit Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 2004 for ARM64-based Systems
  • Windows 10 Version 2004 for x64-based Systems
  • Windows 7 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows 7 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows 8.1 for 32-bit systems
  • Windows 8.1 for x64-based systems
  • Windows RT 8.1
  • Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2
  • Windows Server 2008 for 32-bit Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2
  • Windows Server 2008 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 2 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1
  • Windows Server 2008 R2 for x64-based Systems Service Pack 1 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2012
  • Windows Server 2012 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2012 R2
  • Windows Server 2012 R2 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2016
  • Windows Server 2016 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server 2019
  • Windows Server 2019 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server, version 1903 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server, version 1909 (Server Core installation)
  • Windows Server, version 2004 (Server Core installation)

A remote code execution vulnerability exists when Windows Address Book (WAB) improperly processes vcard files. To exploit the vulnerability, an attacker could send a malicious vcard that a victim opens using Windows Address Book (WAB). After successfully exploiting the vulnerability, an attacker could gain execution on a victim system.