Cyberthreat protection is a category of security solutions designed to help security professionals defend systems and networks against malware and other targeted cyberattacks. Such attacks attempt to infiltrate systems or networks to disrupt services or steal data, often to turn a profit for the attackers.
Cybersecurity is the state of being protected in cyberspace, including measures taken to protect computer systems against unauthorized access or attack. It refers to the policies, processes, and technologies to protect networks, devices, and data from cybercrime and data breaches. Today, at an enterprise level, cybersecurity is typically carried out through a security program, including continual risk assessment to see where an organization could be vulnerable.
Ransomware attacks are a type of malware attack in which threat actors may encrypt files, exfiltrate (steal) data and threaten to publish it, or both, to coerce the victim into making a ransom payment, usually in cryptocurrency. Attackers generally promise to provide decryption keys and/or delete stolen data once paid. Ransomware has become a highly popular means of extortion by cybercriminals as remote and hybrid work models have exposed endpoints to new vulnerabilities.
URL filtering is a way to prevent access to certain web content through an organization’s network or endpoints. This generally includes blocking malicious websites to protect users and endpoints from cyberattacks. Organizations can also use URL filtering to restrict specific URLs or URL categories that tend to use high bandwidth or hamper productivity, such as social media and streaming video.
Smishing is a type of social engineering attack carried out through fraudulent text messages. Like other types of phishing attacks, smishing scams prey on human trust or fear to create a sense of urgency, aiming to deceive victims into divulging sensitive information (e.g., login credentials, credit card numbers). Smishing is a common tactic used in identity theft.
Threat hunting is a proactive approach to finding potential threats and cybersecurity vulnerabilities in an organization's network and systems, combining human security analysts, threat intelligence, and advanced technologies that analyze behavior, spot anomalies, and identify indicators of compromise (IOCs) to detect what traditional security tools may miss. Threat hunters strive to detect and neutralize threats early to minimize their potential impact.
Threat intelligence is the collection, analysis, and dissemination of information about suspected, emerging, and active cyberthreats, including vulnerabilities, threat actors’ tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs), and indicators of compromise (IOCs). Security teams use it to identify and mitigate risk, reinforce security controls, and inform proactive incident response.
A virtual private network (VPN) is an encrypted tunnel that allows a client to establish an internet connection to a server without coming into contact with internet traffic. Through this VPN connection, a user’s IP address is hidden, offering online privacy as they access the internet or corporate resources—even on public Wi-Fi networks or mobile hotspots and on public browsers such as Chrome or Firefox.
Endpoint detection and response (EDR) is designed to protect endpoint devices from cyberthreats like ransomware, fileless malware, and more. The most effective EDR solutions continuously monitor and detect suspicious activities in real time while providing investigation, threat hunting, triage, and remediation capabilities.
Data security is a term for all the security solutions that help organizations protect their sensitive data from security risks such as data breaches, phishing, ransomware attacks, and insider threats. Data security solutions also draw on compliance frameworks such as HIPAA and GDPR to support data privacy and simplify audits.
Malware is malicious software designed to invade a computer system and take hostile action—such as stealing or encrypting sensitive information, taking over system functions, or spreading to other devices—most often for profit. There are many types of malware, including ransomware, spyware, adware, trojan horses, and more, helping make it one of the most common kinds of cyberattacks. Malware will often implant itself via an email attachment or as a fake advertisement on a web browser.
SSL decryption is the process of unscrambling encrypted traffic to check it for cyberthreats as part of a full SSL inspection procedure. It’s a vital network security capability for modern organizations since the overwhelming majority of web traffic is now encrypted, and some cybersecurity analysts estimate more than 90% of malware may now hide in encrypted channels.