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Traditional security tools and approaches and tools were designed to protect on-premises data centers and endpoints, not cloud native apps and services. With the shift to cloud native technologies, dynamic and ephemeral environments with strong automation, faster release cycles, and modern development practices (e.g., infrastructure as code [IaC], CI/CD pipelines, containers, serverless functions, Kubernetes), those tools fall short.
Changes occur frequently in the public cloud, and the security team needs to handle security and compliance—ideally without slowing the whole organization down. To do that, they need to identify security issues and vulnerabilities early in development, speed up remediation, and provide continuous, consistent security and assurance. Unfortunately, accomplishing all that amid the many interdependencies in modern environments can be quite difficult with a traditional approach.
To optimize cloud security and compliance to support DevOps and minimize friction, security teams need to evolve from protecting infrastructure to protecting applications that run on workloads. That means ensuring the security of cloud service configurations and the production environment at a minimum, with runtime protection a valuable layer of additional protection.
An effective CNAPP helps security teams correlate intel across a wide range of signals into a single view to identify and prioritize the organization’s biggest risks, bringing together:
As organizations grow, they tend to end up with a mixture of technologies, with disparate security controls in various cloud environments. Security teams deploy CSPM, CIEM, CWPP, and other tools to secure cloud infrastructure and production environments. This approach leaves them unable to effectively focus, prioritize, and remediate risk, thanks to:
Trying to maintain proper controls using disparate tools across complex environments takes a lot of time, resources, and manual effort—and often, it’s just not enough to keep up.
As a unified security solution, a CNAPP offers complete security coverage to help you keep up with ephemeral, containerized, and serverless environments, providing:
CNAPP platforms bring together multiple security tools and functions to reduce complexity and overhead, providing:
Gartner, Market Guide for Cloud Workload Protection Platforms
What CNAPP encompasses (Image adapted from "How to Protect Your Clouds with CSPM, CWPP, CNAPP, and CASB," Gartner, May 6, 2021)
As a convergence of so many security and compliance tools, CNAPPs have dozens of specific capabilities. Let's look at the broader strokes of what a CNAPP enables your organization to do.
Secure Multicloud Infrastructure
Discover all apps, APIs, cloud resources, identities, and sensitive data. Gain complete visibility of compliant and noncompliant resources across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, and prioritize them for remediation based on risk.
Secure Production Environment
Move security earlier in the development process (i.e., "shift left"). Empower your DevOps professionals to detect threats and vulnerabilities sooner, and fix them faster, to ensure applications and data are compliant.
More easily detect and manage vulnerabilities and security misconfigurations as well as perform network-based behavioral monitoring, policy enforcement, and identity-based cloud workload segmentation.
Continuous Governance and Compliance
Minimize audit fatigue with automated security controls for continuous compliance and governance of data, configurations, and permissions.
Team Collaboration Platform
Incorporate common workflows, data correlation, meaningful insights, and remediation to reduce friction and foster team collaboration between DevSecOps, DevOps, and cloud security operations.
In "Innovation Insight for Cloud-Native Application Protection Platforms," Gartner offers this advice: “Rather than treat development and runtime as separate problems — secured and scanned with a collection of separate tools — enterprises should treat security and compliance as a continuum across development and operations, and seek to consolidate tools where possible.”
Key recommendations include:
Gartner, Innovation Insight for Cloud-Native Application Protection Platforms
Posture Control™ by Zscaler is a high-performance CNAPP that takes a radically new approach to cloud native application security with a 100% agentless solution that correlates across multiple security engines to prioritize hidden risks caused by misconfigurations, threats, and vulnerabilities across the entire cloud stack, reducing cost, complexity, and cross-team friction.
We built our unified platform from the ground up to prioritize infrastructure and application security risks in distributed clouds and across the development and DevOps life cycles, enabling you to: